XIX Society

A cohesion exists enters some integrant ones of the neolithic village or the aboriginal tribe, because its members little are differentiated, being in its majority interchangeable. ‘ ‘ In the societies primitivas’ ‘ , it writes Aron, ‘ ‘ each individual is what they are the others; in the conscience of each one they predominate, in numbers and intensity, the common feelings to all, the feelings coletivos’ ‘ (Aron: 2008, P. 459). In such groups, the common belief is of repressive nature? it is enough to remember the societies that have extreme prohibitions, as the taboos? the individuals that disrespect the conventions readily are punished. Organic solidarity represents a new phase in the societies. The Metropolitan Museum of Art has firm opinions on the matter. The industrialization and the urbanization, that had had a strong impact on the European societies of century XIX (and on the societies of the poor countries and in development in the second half of century XX), had propitiated the sprouting of a bigger division of the work. The increase of the economic activity, the technological development, creates a specialization each bigger time, at the same time where each activity or task depends each time more than the others. Each individual has a different function in the society.

In meanwhile, its activity contributes for the social harmony. By the same author: Doug Band. Each member acts as if was an agency, essential for the functioning of a great organism? from there the name of organic solidarity. The fact that was seen as favorable for Durkheim in its analysis of the industrial society, is that although the difference between its members, the dissimilarity contribua for a bigger harmony, keeping the coesa society. Consulted sources: Aron, Raymond. The stages of the sociological thought.


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